竹山| 林口| 项城| 宜昌| 垦利| 永丰| 上思| 鹤峰| 铁岭县| 南昌县| 林西| 十堰| 大荔| 马关| 海城| 昔阳| 丁青| 朝阳市| 汝阳| 张家界| 汾西| 札达| 唐河| 马鞍山| 栖霞| 绿春| 东丽| 舒城| 赣州| 潞城| 大丰| 广汉| 井陉矿| 嘉禾| 乳山| 遂昌| 沾化| 五华| 扎囊| 天水| 肥城| 海阳| 本溪市| 隆尧| 共和| 宜川| 利津| 湖南| 大悟| 内乡| 乐清| 鹤壁| 泉港| 周至| 多伦| 海宁| 巫山| 大余| 黄平| 淮南| 衡山| 资兴| 浦江| 新宁| 沂水| 西充| 双峰| 马关| 古交| 朔州| 大关| 太仆寺旗| 洛扎| 福贡| 金平| 南昌市| 崇左| 莆田| 薛城| 广西| 龙胜| 民丰| 闽清| 临安| 巧家| 歙县| 六盘水| 弥渡| 临泉| 科尔沁左翼后旗| 阿勒泰| 方山| 象州| 浏阳| 正蓝旗| 琼中| 鄂温克族自治旗| 闽侯| 白玉| 徽县| 威海| 铁岭县| 民权| 昌宁| 昆山| 融水| 芒康| 三门| 三台| 榕江| 景泰| 都兰| 武隆| 绵竹| 海淀| 博兴| 青白江| 晋州| 郧西| 岚皋| 新宾| 江陵| 如东| 政和| 海城| 台前| 友谊| 阿拉善右旗| 普宁| 桑植| 泰来| 新疆| 西峡| 夏河| 绍兴市| 青海| 鹤壁| 安新| 石柱| 兰考| 察布查尔| 信丰| 平遥| 城固| 庆元| 丁青| 喀什| 尉犁| 景谷| 唐海| 阿图什| 黄陂| 洛浦| 神池| 衢江| 邳州| 鲁甸| 澎湖| 米林| 凤翔| 仙游| 六枝| 定日| 元阳| 铜陵县| 三都| 城口| 彭阳| 霍州| 赵县| 且末| 突泉| 敖汉旗| 南溪| 秦皇岛| 得荣| 抚远| 蓟县| 齐河| 施甸| 双桥| 六安| 栾川| 浑源| 福山| 滨州| 北票| 通州| 惠州| 宣城| 建阳| 友谊| 加查| 永济| 九台| 禹城| 华池| 陇西| 宜阳| 中江| 潮州| 德清| 古田| 衡水| 廉江| 滑县| 河曲| 黄岩| 大兴| 台安| 临猗| 会东| 彰武| 三穗| 长宁| 连云区| 阿勒泰| 民乐| 盐都| 东阳| 界首| 松桃| 永州| 科尔沁右翼中旗| 会同| 乐都| 桓仁| 揭阳| 喀什| 环江| 建德| 昌吉| 武川| 辽源| 蓟县| 安丘| 普洱| 潮阳| 余干| 墨脱| 昌宁| 开封县| 儋州| 隆德| 兴义| 改则| 沁阳| 台州| 万全| 肥城| 广河| 费县| 长岛| 滑县| 静宁| 灌阳| 二道江| 合江| 磐石| 武陟| 凭祥| 合阳| 察哈尔右翼后旗|

洪小勇出任中国驻新加坡大使 曾任驻越南大使

2019-05-21 17:07 来源:中国经济网陕西

  洪小勇出任中国驻新加坡大使 曾任驻越南大使

  AsoldierfromtheGurkhaunitisondutytoensurethesecurityfortheupcomingTrump-KimsummitinSingaporeonSunday.(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)DPRKleadune12attheCapellaHotelonSentosaIsland,(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)PolicegatheroutsidetheIstana,theofficialresidenceandofficeofthePresidentofSingaporeonSunday.(Photo:YangSheng/GT)sRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUninSingaporeduringanewsprogram,atasquareinTokyo,Japan,June12,2018.(Photo/Agencies)sRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUninSingaporeduringanewsprogramatabarinWashington,,June12,2018.(Photo/Agencies)PeoplewatchfromashoppingmallfoodcourtintheLsRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUn,atarailwaystationinSeoul,SouthKorea,2018.(Photo/Agencies)sRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUninSingaporeduringanewsprogramattheSeoulRailwayStationinSeoul,SouthKorea,June12,2018.(Photo/Agencies)EmployeesofaforeignexchangesRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUn,inTokyo,Japan,June12,2018.(Photo/Agencies)sRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUninSingaporeduringanewsprogramatasquareinTokyo,Japan,June12,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

FormerprofessionalfootballstarDavidBeckhamplayscuju,knownastheoriginofmodernfootball,attheBengbuAncientBuildingsExpoParkaheadofthe2018G-EXPOGlobalTopSummitinBengbuCity,EastChina’sAnhuiProvince,June6,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhongXin)FormerprofessionalfootballstarDavidBeckhamplayscuju,knownastheoriginofmodernfootball,attheBengbuAncientBuildingsExpoParkaheadofthe2018G-EXPOGlobalTopSummitinBengbuCity,EastChina’sAnhuiProvince,June6,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhongXin)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

  VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)AguestvisitsgiantpandaMengmengatBerlinZooinBerlin,Germany,June9,,thetwopandasfromChina,arrivedinBerlinonJune24,sstayhereinBerlinZoo.(Xinhua/ShanYuqi)AgirlpickspandasouvenirsatBerlinZooinBerlin,Germany,June9,,thetwogiantpandasfromChina,arrivedinBerlinonJune24,sstayhereinBerlinZoo.(Xinhua/ShanYuqi)AguesttakesphotosofgiantpandaJiaoqingatBerlinZooinBerlin,Germany,June9,,thetwopandasfromChina,arrivedinBerlinonJune24,sstayhereinBerlinZoo.(Xinhua/ShanYuqi)GuestsvisitgiantpandaJiaoqingatBerlinZooinBerlin,Germany,June9,,thetwopandasfromChina,arrivedinBerlinonJune24,sstayhereinBerlinZoo.(Xinhua/ShanYuqi)PandasouvenirsareseenatBerlinZooinBerlin,Germany,June9,,thetwopandasfromChina,arrivedinBerlinonJune24,sstayhereinBerlinZoo.(Xinhua/ShanYuqi)PandasouvenirsareseenatBerlinZooinBerlin,Germany,June9,,thetwopandasfromChina,arrivedinBerlinonJune24,sstayhereinBerlinZoo.(Xinhua/ShanYuqi)

  SingaporeanPrimeMinisterLeeHsienLoong(R)meetswithKimJongUn,chairmanoftheWorkersPartyofKorea(WPK)andchairmanoftheStateAffairsCommissionoftheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK),inSingapore,onJune10,2018.(Xinhua/ThenChihWey)SingaporeanPrimeMinisterLeeHsienLoong(R)shakeshandswithKimJongUn,chairmanoftheWorkersPartyofKorea(WPK)andchairmanoftheStateAffairsCommissionoftheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK),inSingapore,onJune10,2018.(Xinhua/ThenChihWey)FrancenationalsoccerteamarriveattheSheremetyevointernationalairport,outsideMoscow,Russia,June10,2018tocompeteinthe2018WorldCupinRussia.(Photo/Agencies)EgyptiannationalsoccerteamplayerandLiverpoolsstarstrikerMohammedSalaharriveswiththeEgyptnationalsoccerteamatanairportoutsideGrozny,Russia,June10,day.(Photo/Osports)EgyptiannationalsoccerteamplayerandLiverpoolsstarstrikerMohammedSalaharriveswiththeEgyptnationalsoccerteamatanairportoutsideGrozny,Russia,June10,day.(Photo/Osports)AntoineGriezmanncarrieshisbaggageastheFrancenationalsoccerteamarriveattheSheremetyevointernationalairport,outsideMoscow,Russia,June10,2018tocompeteinthe2018WorldCupinRussia.(Photo/Agencies)OlivierGirouddisembarkstheplaneastheFrancenationalsoccerteamarriveattheSheremetyevointernationalairport,outsideMoscow,Russia,June10,2018tocompeteinthe2018WorldCupinRussia.(Photo/Agencies)PaulPogbadisembarkstheplaneastheFrancenationalsoccerteamarriveattheSheremetyevointernationalairport,outsideMoscow,Russia,June10,2018tocompeteinthe2018WorldCupinRussia.(Photo/Agencies)UruguaysLuisSuarezarrivesatanairportinNizhnyNovgorod,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)UruguaysEdinsonCavaniarrivesatanairportinNizhnyNovgorod,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)UruguaysEdinsonCavaniarrivesatanairportinNizhnyNovgorod,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)FansgreetUruguaysnationalsoccerteamplayersastheyarriveatanairportinNizhnyNovgorod,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)PerusJeffersonFarfánarrivesattheSheremetyevointernationalairport,outsideMoscow,Russia,tocompeteinthe2018WorldCupinRussia.(Photo/Agencies)PerusPaoloGuerreroarrivesattheSheremetyevointernationalairport,outsideMoscow,Russia,tocompeteinthe2018WorldCupinRussia.(Photo/Agencies)

AsoldierfromtheGurkhaunitisondutytoensurethesecurityfortheupcomingTrump-KimsummitinSingaporeonSunday.(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)DPRKleadune12attheCapellaHotelonSentosaIsland,(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)(Photo:YangSheng/GT)PolicegatheroutsidetheIstana,theofficialresidenceandofficeofthePresidentofSingaporeonSunday.(Photo:YangSheng/GT)

  FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)

  Ajournalistasksforinformationatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,Shandongprovince,onFriday.[PhotobyFengYongbin/ChinaDaily]LiGuangda,avolunteeratthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummit,saidhehasreceivedmanythumbs-upfromforeignreportersforhisprofessionalandfriendlyassistancesincehebeganservingattheinformationdeskofthesummitsmediacenter."It,,"saidt,000studentvolunteersrecruitedfrom10universitiesinthecoastalcity,,another18,000volunte,theyarenicknamed"littleseasplashes".Theyhavebeenmobilizedtooffervariousservicesforthesummit,suchasassistancetoguestswitharrivalanddeparture,ionSummitinQingdao,Shandongprovince,onFriday.[PhotobyFengYongbin/ChinaDaily]Li,anundergraduatemajoringinEnglish,,000studentsappliedtobecomevolunteersforthesummit,accordingtothemeetingsorganizingcommittee."Theenthusiasmfromstudentsisbeyondourexpectations,"saidSunJian,whoworksforthecommitteesworkinggroupofvolunteers."Wevechosentheoneswithbetterexpertisethatisparticularlyhelpfulforthesummit,suchasstudentsmajoringinforeignlanguagesandcomputers."Eachvolunteerhasreceivedabout40hoursoftrainingbeforethesummit,hesaid."Besideslessonsonetiquette,weveinvitedexpertsfromtheMinistryofForeignAffairstogivethevolunteerslecturesonhowtheSCOworksandthetraditionsofthecountriesparticipatinginthesummit."LihasbeenaboutQingdao,becausetheyaretheonesthereportersgotofirstiftheyhavequestions,ionSummitinQingdao,Shandongprovince,onFriday.[PhotobyFengYongbin/ChinaDaily]"Itsanhonortobepartofsuchanimportantevent,"headded."WejustwanttoleavetheguestsandreporterswithagoodimpressionofQingdaoandtheChinesepeople."Moreimportant,Ialsofindjoyinmeetingpeoplefromdifferentcountries,whichhasbroadenedmyviews,",ateacherfromOceanUniversityofChinaandavolunteerorganizer,saiditsnotaneasyjobtomaintainagoodpostureandgreetpeoplewithasmilealldaylong,aswellasofferusefulandprofessionalassistance."Thestudentstoldmethattheyenjoytheworkbecausetheygenuinelywanttoofferthebestservice,"shesaid."Improudofthem."AviewoftheShangri-LaHotelinSingapore,June11,aHotela“specialeventarea”fortheperiodofJune10to14,fortheupcomingsummitbetweenUnitedStatesPresidentDonaldTrumpandDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-un.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)GuardsworkattheShangri-LaHotelinSingapore,June11,aHotela“specialeventarea”fortheperiodofJune10to14,fortheupcomingsummitbetweenUnitedStatesPresidentDonaldTrumpandDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-un.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AviewoftheShangri-LaHotelinSingapore,June11,aHotela“specialeventarea”fortheperiodofJune10to14,fortheupcomingsummitbetweenUnitedStatesPresidentDonaldTrumpandDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-un.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AviewoftheShangri-LaHotelinSingapore,June11,aHotela“specialeventarea”fortheperiodofJune10to14,fortheupcomingsummitbetweenUnitedStatesPresidentDonaldTrumpandDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-un.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)PolicecarsareseenneartheShangri-LaHotelinSingapore,June11,aHotela“specialeventarea”fortheperiodofJune10to14,fortheupcomingsummitbetweenUnitedStatesPresidentDonaldTrumpandDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-un.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)

  AsignforapolicecheckstandsneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,oplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-unwillbeheldattheCapellaResort.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)AsignforapolicecheckstandsneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersareseenneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,oplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-unwillbeheldattheCapellaResort.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)AsignforapolicecheckstandsneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)PassengersareseenatSentosaStationonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AtramrunsonSentosaIsland,AsiasleadingleisuredestinationandSingaporespremierislandgetaway,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AviewfromthetramonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)TouristsareseenonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AviewofsceneryneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AshuttlebusonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)WorkerserectafenceneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)WorkerserectafenceneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersareseenneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,oplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-unwillbeheldattheCapellaResort.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)

  Special:ChinesePresidentXiJinpingchairedtheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)annualsummitSunday,aimingtobringthegrouptoashinasportcityofQingdaomarkedthefirstgatheringofleadersofallitseightmembetionsataroundtablemeeting,Xihailedthe17-year-oldorganizationas"anewmodelforregionalcooperation"security,tradefacilitationandpeople-to-peopleexchanges,sendingoutasignalofunityandcollaboration,againstthebackdropofglobalchallengessuchashegemony,powerpolitics,securitythreats,unilateralismandtradeprotectionism."Weshould,guidedbytheShanghaiSpirit,workcloselytobuildanSCOcommunitywithasharedfuture,movetowardanewtypeofinternationalrelations,andbuildanopen,inclusive,cleanandbeautifulworldthatenjoyslastingpeace,universalsecurityandcommonprosperity,"sstrengthtotheShanghaiSpirit,whichchampionsmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,sspeechatthesummit."Weshouldupholdinnovative,coordinated,green,openandinclusivedevelopment,"hesaid,,comprehensive,cooperativeandsustainablesecurity."WeshouldrejecttheColdWarmentalityandconfrontationbetweenblocsandopposethepracticesofseekingabsolutesecurityofoneselfattheexpenseofthesecurityofothercountries,"es."Weshouldrejectself-centered,short-sightedandclosed-doorpolicies,"hesaid."Equality,mutuallearning,dialogueandinclusivenessbetweenculturesshouldbechampioned."Healsocalledforextensiveconsultation,,geachotherschoiceofdevelopmentpathsandaccommodatingeachotherscoreinterestsandmajorconcerns,,separatismandextremism,andconducta"PeaceMission."Chinawouldtrain2,000lawenforcementofficersforallpartiesinthenextthreeyearstoenhancelawenforcement,seconomiccomponenthasgrownmoreprominentinrecentyears,andXiproposedincreasingthecomplementarityofdevelopmentstrategiesandpursuingtheBeltandRoadIspackageforcommondevelopmentincludedsettingupa30-billion-yuan(),XisaidChinawouldprovide3,000trainingopportunitiesinhumanresourcesdevelopmentforSCOmemberstatesinton,con,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Russia,,Belarus,athisyear,practicing"major-countrydiplomacywithChinesecharacteristics."TheotherthreeeventsaretheBoaoForumforAsiaannualconferenceinApril,theForumonChina-AfricaCooperationsum"anewtypeofinternationalrelations"and"acommunitywithasharedfutureforhumanity"--twoideasXihasexpoundedoverthepastfiveyears.ChinesePresidentXiJinping(C)andotherleadersattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitposeforagroupphotoaheadofabanquetinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/DingLin)ChinesePresidentXiJinpingaddressesabanquetheldforguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/XieHuanchi)ChinesePresidentXiJinping(C,front)andguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitheadforabanquetinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/LiXueren)

  Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)

  AviewoftheShangri-LaHotelinSingapore,June11,aHotela“specialeventarea”fortheperiodofJune10to14,fortheupcomingsummitbetweenUnitedStatesPresidentDonaldTrumpandDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-un.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)GuardsworkattheShangri-LaHotelinSingapore,June11,aHotela“specialeventarea”fortheperiodofJune10to14,fortheupcomingsummitbetweenUnitedStatesPresidentDonaldTrumpandDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-un.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AviewoftheShangri-LaHotelinSingapore,June11,aHotela“specialeventarea”fortheperiodofJune10to14,fortheupcomingsummitbetweenUnitedStatesPresidentDonaldTrumpandDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-un.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AviewoftheShangri-LaHotelinSingapore,June11,aHotela“specialeventarea”fortheperiodofJune10to14,fortheupcomingsummitbetweenUnitedStatesPresidentDonaldTrumpandDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-un.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)PolicecarsareseenneartheShangri-LaHotelinSingapore,June11,aHotela“specialeventarea”fortheperiodofJune10to14,fortheupcomingsummitbetweenUnitedStatesPresidentDonaldTrumpandDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-un.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)

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  洪小勇出任中国驻新加坡大使 曾任驻越南大使

 
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吃药不注意可能造成耳聋!

发布时间:2019-05-21 10:57:49 来源:搜狐健康 作者: 点击率:
    可能引起听力障碍(学术名:耳毒性)的药物种类很多,致聋的原因也各不相同。但是有一点比较相似,那就是在儿童和老年人身上比较容易发生。为什么呢?原因有两点,第一点,儿童听觉系统尚处在发育阶段,功能稚嫩;老年人听觉系统已经衰退,功能丧失,这种状态下容易受到损伤。第二点,儿童肝肾功能尚在发育阶段,老年人肝肾功能衰退,这种状态下容易造成药物在体内的蓄积中毒。

    第一类:氨基糖苷类抗生素
    
最常见的耳毒性药物,是氨基糖苷类抗生素,包括链霉素、双氢链霉素、新霉素、庆大霉素、卡那霉素、妥布霉素、阿米卡星、依替米星等。这些药品的说明书上都会标注需注意听力损伤的不良反应。据统计,我国残疾人中约1/3为听力残疾,其中60%-80%与氨基糖苷类药物不合理使用有关!这还不包括药物造成的可逆性的听力损伤(因为逐渐会恢复,就不会判定为残疾)。由此可见,氨基糖苷类抗生素在临床使用尤其是应用于儿童时,应极为谨慎!

    当然,这些氨基糖苷类抗生素中,导致听力损伤的危险性也是不同的,庆大霉素、链霉素和卡那霉素更危险些,而阿米卡星和依替米星则相对安全些。

    第二类:喹诺酮类抗生素和大环内酯类抗生素
    不要以为只有氨基糖苷类抗生素才有耳毒性,喹诺酮类抗生素(氧氟沙星、左氧氟沙星、环丙沙星等)和大环内酯类抗生素(红霉素、琥乙红霉素、罗红霉素、阿奇霉素等)都有引起听力损伤的报道哦,而且如果你仔细阅读说明书的话,也会在【不良反应】项中找到听力损害的警示。同时,喹诺酮类药物因影响儿童的骨骼发育,本身就禁用于18岁以下儿童,但大环内酯类抗生素是经常用于儿童患者的。当然,第二类抗生素导致听力损伤的风险要低于第一类氨基糖苷类抗生素。

    第三类:阿司匹林、吲哚美辛等乙酰水杨酸类药物
    阿司匹林、吲哚美辛等乙酰水杨酸类药物也有为数不少的导致听力损伤的案例报道。当然,阿司匹林现在用于退热越来越少了,而用于心脑血管疾病的预防越来越多了。但是在以前,阿司匹林就是一个常用的解热镇痛抗炎药,常用于缓解治疗发烧、关节痛等症状。

    第四类:其他药物
    除此之外,还有一些能够导致听力损伤的药物,包括抗肿瘤药(顺铂、卡铂、紫杉醇等)、中药注射剂(红花注射液、注射用双黄连等)和麻醉药(利多卡因、丁卡因等),当然,这些药物主要是针对特殊患者使用。

    除了药物本身的因素之外,还有一些用药的因素不容忽视。例如,我国儿童滥用抗生素的比例非常高,很多儿童在感冒、非感染性疾病时都会使用抗生素,而用法用量、疗程并没有得到很好的控制,联合用药甚至重复用药也不少见,而这些因素都会放大药物的不良反应。又如,与口服制剂相比,以上具有耳毒性药物的注射剂使用时出现不良反应的概率要大很多。

    综上所述,如果在治疗感冒发烧嗓子疼时,再加上不合理用药的因素(包括用量过大、疗程过长、联用2种及以上药物),出现耳毒性的可能性会更高。所以,请记住这些可能导致听力损伤(耳毒性)的药物名字,尤其是前二类药物,在临床使用时关注和警惕,尤其对于儿童和老年人。

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